Tuesday, January 29, 2019

KiwiSDR IQ data streams with >20.25 kHz bandwidth (2)

This is a follow-up on the last blog post. Since then a compensation for the roll-off of the CIC filters in the KiwiSDR FPGA has been implemented in v2.162.

The plot below shows the correction w.r.t. normalized frequency for the 12kHz (20.25kHz) modes in blue (magenta). It is interesting that the main component is in both cases sinc(f)-5 and that the softening of the correction near f=0.5 can be modeled by an exponential function.

KiwiSDR CIC filter compensation
Another improvement w.r.t. before is to use ±4kHz out of the ±6kHz IQ bandwidth in order to avoid alias images from frequencies below and from above, so the GNURadio flow graph looks now like this:
GNURadio flow graph
This flow graph and the code for the KiwiSDR IQ wav file sources and for the stream align block can be found on GitHub (gr-kiwisdr).

In order to verify that the combination of three IQ data streams@8kHz each to an IQ datastream @32kHz does indeed work, two signals were recorded and processed with the above flow graph:
  1.  OTHR signal from Cyprus

    Cyprus OTHR on 14370 kHz @IS0KYB
    As is well-known this signal has a bandwidth of 20kHz and uses a FMCW waveform repeating each 0.02 seconds. When plotting the instantaneous frequency vs. time the FMCW sweeps can be see to be perfectly continuous, i.e., both the alignment of the IQ data streams and the PFB synchronizer work as expected.
    Cyprus OTHR on 14370 kHz @IS0KYB


    The two plots below show a local CODAR signal recorded on a KiwiSDR in Newport, OR. Also in this case the frequency sweeps can be nicely seen. However it is not clear if the second component in the instantaneous frequency having negative slope is due to interference or due to aliasing in the KiwiSDR downconversion processing.

    Local CODAR signal on 4875 kHz @Newport, OR
    Local CODAR signal on 4875 kHz @Newport, OR

The IQ streams used above were recorded using kiwirecorder.py with commands similar to the  following:
./kiwirecorder.py -s sibamanna.duckdns.org,sibamanna.duckdns.org,sibamanna.duckdns.org -p 8073 -f 14362,14370,14378 -m iq -g 55 -w -L -4000 -H +4000 --log-level=info --dt-sec=60 --station=IS0KYB

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